Develop repeatable field survey and monitoring techniques. Monitor 5 sites including at least 2 at higher elevations on Black Mountain. Develop recommendations for forested buffers along small streams, seeps, and dripping rock outcrops to protect habitat.
Physiographic Regions: Cumberland Mountains, Cumberland Plateau, Plateau Escarpment
Guilds: Cliff/Rockshelter, Mesic Forest, River/Streams, Scrub-Shrub/Early Successional Forest
Mostly associated with wet rock faces, mucky and mossy seeps, and the margins of mountain streams. Also occurs out in the woods and beside road ruts and shallow roadside ditches.